Print

The written history of Afghanistan can be traced back to the Achaemenid Empire ca. 500 BCE, although evidence indicates that an advanced degree of urbanized culture has existed in the land since between 3000 and 2000 BCE.

Pre-Islamic period of Afghanistan

  • Bronze age and Proto-Elamite culture in Nimruz area (2300–1800 BC)
  • Bronze age and Indus valley civilization in Mundigak (Kandahar area) (2200–1800 BC)
  • Bronze age and Oxus civilization in northern Afghanistan (2100–1800 BC)
  • Late Bronze age and Iron age and coming of Aryans (1700–700 BC)
  • Median Empire (728–550 BC)
  • Achaemenids (550–330 BC)
  • Seleucids (330–150 BC)
  • Mauryans (305–180 BC)
  • Greco-Bactrians (256–125 BC)
  • Indo-Greeks (180–130 BC)
  • Indo-Scythians (Sakas) (155–80? BC)
  • Indo-Parthians (20 BC–50? AD)
  • Kushans (135 BC–248 AD)
  • Sassanids (230–565)
  • Indo-Sassanids (248–410)
  • Kidarites (320–465)
  • Hephthalites (410–557)
  • Kabul Shahi (565–879)

Islamic conquest of Afghanistan

  • Rashidun Caliphate (642–641)
  • Umayyads (661–750)
  • Abbasids (750–821)
  • Tahirids (821–873)
  • Saffarids (863–900)
  • Samanids (875–999)
  • Ghaznavids (963–1187)
  • Seljukids (1037–1194)
  • Khwarezmids (1077–1231)
  • Ghorids (1149–1212)
  • Ilkhanate (1258–1353)
  • Kartids (1245–1381)
  • Timurids (1370–1506)
  • Arghun (1479-1522)
  • Mughals (1501–1738)
  • Safavids (1510–1709)
  • Hotaki dynasty (1709–1738)
  • Afsharids (1738–1747)

Modern history of Afghanistan

  • Durrani Empire (1747–1826)
  • Emirate of Afghanistan (1826–1919)
  • Kingdom of Afghanistan (1919–1973)
  • Republic of Afghanistan (1973–1978)
  • Democratic Republic (1978–1992)
  • Islamic State (1992–1996)
  • Islamic Emirate (1996–2001)
  • Islamic Republic (2001–)

Afghan Civil War 1979–1989, 1989–1992, 1992–1996, 1996–2001, 2001–present

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 November 2011 10:30