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There is no clear reconstruction of the chronology of architectural development in Kazakhstan, but the monuments of architecture and art in its territory date back to antiquity. Architecture of Kazakhstan is very original and distinctive, as a consequence of national traditions and the particular socio-geographical and climatic nature of the country.

From the Bronze Age in the territory of Kazakhstan, were found the remains of permanent settlements, the predominant type of structure which were semi-dugouts with tent top, the further development of the architecture is largely due to the nomadic environment. Thus, a special place in ancient and medieval architecture of Kazakhstan is a yurt - a portable prefabricated housing.

Perhaps the most remarkable monuments of architecture and construction skills of the medieval cult of Kazakhstan are religious buildings.

Among the extant buildings of special interest are the mausoleums and shrines. The mausoleums of Babadzhi Khatun and Aisha Bibi constructed in XI-XII centuries Gained wide popularity; Mausoleums of Zhoshy Khan and Khan Alash (near Zhezkazgan) relating to the thirteenth century; Zhuban ana, Kaip ata, Maulim Berdi at the valleys of the rivers Sarysu and Kengir; Mausoleum of Kara Khan and others. 

Today many of them admire us with their architectural composition, decoration and the art of building.

In the buildings with great perfection were used  bricklaying and new types of building material like Ganj, alabaster, terra cotta tile. The further development of kazakh architecture is due to Kazakhstan accession to the Russian Empire in the XIX century. 

Development of construction continued in the XX century but separation to the new and the old part is typical for modern Kazakh cities.

Last Updated on Monday, 07 November 2011 10:17